What is Autism?

Autism is a spectrum condition and affects people in different ways. Like all people, autistic people have their own strengths and weaknesses.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) encompasses a wide range of developmental differences and looks different in every child. This is why it is commonly referred to as a spectrum. In the NHS they have opted to use the term ‘Autism spectrum condition’ (ASC) to reflect a changing and modern perspective.

Key areas of difference in children with ASC are:

Communication and interaction, eg. the child can say many words but rarely asks for things they need or shares their experiences, or they may have an unusual pattern of language development or no language at all. They may interact with others very little, or they may interact in their ‘own way’.

Behaviour and flexibility of thinking, eg. the child may insist on things being done the same way, be very controlling, show unusual reactions to sound, taste, smell, etc, or have intense interests and a lack of varied pretend play.


Please see links below for more information:

What is Autism:


National Autistic Society:


NHS – Signs of Autism in children: